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Andrew Carnegie

The Carnegie Institution for Science is a private organization that conducts basic research for the benefit of humanity.

Other News

— Read the LA Times featuring Ken Caldeira's study about beef and climate change more »

Watch Ken Caldeira address climate change on Fox News. more »

Forbes discusses the letter Ken Caldeira and others wrote embracing nuclear energy to help combat global warming. more »

Times-Herald Interview with Greg Asner About the Ecological Crisis in the Amazon. more »

National Geographic quotes Greg Asner about gold mining in Peru 10-28-13 more »

In Memoriam

Jeanette Snyder Brown

 

Recent News

Coral growth rate plummets in 30-year comparison

A team of researchers led by Ken Caldeira working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40 percent since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification may be playing an important role in this perilous slowdown. In a quest for historical context on the peril facing coral reefs, the team compared current measurements of the growth rate of a section of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef with similar measurements taken more than 30 years ago. Their work is published in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. more »

Perú’s Carbon Quantified: Economic and Conservation Boon

Scientists unveiled the first high-resolution map of the carbon stocks stored on land throughout the entire country of Perú. The new and improved methodology used to make the map marks a sea change for future market-based carbon economies. The new carbon map also reveals Perú’s extremely high ecological diversity and it provides the critical input to studies of deforestation and forest degradation for conservation, land use, and enforcement purposes. The technique includes the determination of uncertainty of carbon stores throughout the country, which is essential for decision makers. The mapping project is a joint effort among the Carnegie Airborne Observatory (CAO), led by DGE’s Greg Asner, the Ministry of Environment of Perú, and Wake Forest University. more »

Climate warming may not drive net losses of soil carbon from tropical forests

The planet’s soil releases about 60 billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere each year, which is far more than that released by burning fossil fuels. This happens through a process called soil respiration. This enormous release of carbon is balanced by carbon coming into the soil system from falling leaves and other plant matter, as well as by the underground activities of plant roots. Short-term warming studies have documented that rising temperatures increase the rate of soil respiration. As a result, scientists have worried that global warming would accelerate the decomposition of carbon in the soil, and decrease the amount of carbon stored there. If true, this would release even more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, where it would accelerate global warming. New work by a team of scientists including Greg Asner used an expansive whole-ecosystem study, the first of its kind, on tropical montane wet forests in Hawaii to sort through the many processes that control soil carbon stocks with changing temperature. Their findings are published by Nature Climate Change. more »